Scuba Diving

Experience scuba diving for yourself

Scuba diving is a sport or hobby that is popular around the world. Scuba stands for self-contained underwater breathing apparatus. Breathing compressed air from a tank, the diver can stay underwater for a number of hours. Scuba diving is simple to learn, and it is safe. A beginner can master the basic skills in three days. People all over the world enjoy scuba diving.

What is the Appeal of Scuba Diving?

Many divers enjoy seeing the dazzling underwater world of reefs and marine life; others thrill to see and explore wrecked ships or caves; and some scuba divers like to take photos of different marine life.

Basic Scuba Diving Gear

If you'd like to scuba dive, you'll need the following items:

  • The wet suit is made to let scant amounts of water glide against the diver's skin. This keeps the diver warm. When diving in cold water, a hood is worn.
  • Fins or flippers enable the diver to swim faster and easier. The two main types are full-foot and open-heeled. Full-foot fins are usually worn in tropical waters. Open-heeled fins are used with booties that keep the feet warmer.
  • The buoyancy compensator is a diver's jacket. It has a bladder that air can be added to or taken from to change the diver's buoyancy.
  • A tank or cylinder contains compressed air. The regulator is used to breathe air from the tank.
  • A submersible pressure gauge registers the air that is left in the tank.
  • A mask allows the diver to see underwater; an attachable snorkel lets the diver breathe as he or she swims on the surface.
  • A weight belt and integrated weights are used for sinking, to help divers get to the proper depth.

Other necessary scuba diving equipment includes:

  • An alternate air source or octopus, which is a backup regulator, is used in case the primary fails. This isn't likely, but it's best to be prepared.
  • A compass is used to navigate. Alternately, dive computers have digital compasses.
  • A depth gauge is helpful for measuring (in meters or feet) how deep in the water the diver is located.
  • A dive knife is used to cut fishing line or other things that may entangle the diver. Carrying two is the best bet: one attached to the BCD, another one tied to the diver's leg.

Scuba Diving Trips

Scuba diving trips for various locations can be reserved. There are charter boat trips, and day and night diving trips. Two of the most popular diving locations are:

  • Hawaii Scuba Diving: People normally take scuba diving trips to the main islands of Hawaii: Kauai, Oahu, Maui and Hawaii. Each island has its own fascinating features and locations for scuba diving. Oahu is a good diving spot to explore shipwrecks, turtles and reefs. Ni'ihau offers perfect visibility, lava formations, huge caves and abundant marine life for the diver to experience. Popular diving sites for Kauai include: Sheraton Caverns, Turtle Bluffs and Brennekes Ledge. One of the most popular Maui dive sites is the Milokini Crater; it is a marine conservation area.
  • Puerto Rico Scuba Diving: San Juan is a great location for Puerto Rico scuba diving. The diver can see octopus, squid, crustaceans, lobsters, manatee, moray eels, cowfish, boxfish, drum fish, batfish, French angels, conches, snappers, seahorses and chubs. Some of the diving sites are Big Rock and Little Rock, Lobos, The Wall, Dolphin Point and Spurs.
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